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4 people currently diagnosed with typhoid since February

Radio & TV Tonga, Nuku’alofa, 17/03/2017

Health officials are urging public to live hygienic lifestyles as way forward to wipe out typhoid disease from the kingdom.

Supervising Public Health Inspector Sela Fa’u highlighted in a televised program that 4 people have been diagnosed with typhoid from February to date. 

Some are already well and healthy and some are still recovering at Vaiola Hospital. 

There are temporary bans in place for food gathering and Tongan kava club in villages due to a person confirmed having typhoid.

The bacteria that causes typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food or water and occasionally through direct contact with someone who is infected.

Typhoid is usually transmitted by water or food, in much the same way as cholera a contagious disease in many parts of the world.

People who are infected excrete live bacteria in their feces and urine and they can carry the bacteria for a few days before any symptoms develop, so they don’t know they need to take extra precautions.

If people don’t wash their hands properly, the typhoid bacillus can be transferred to food or water and from there to another person.

It can be spread directly from person to person via contaminated fingers.

Symptoms usually appear 1 or 2 weeks after infection but may take as long as 3 weeks to appear.

Symptoms of Typhoid include a high sustained fever and extreme exhaustion.

Health officials are urging people to be more cautious because typhoid can be deadly when those affected are not careful and follow doctor’s advice.

© Radio and Television Tonga News